How are Amino Acids important to our overall general health?
Amino Acids are the building blocks of every protein we have in our body. There are 23 proteinogenic (protein building) amino acids in total, and over 100 natural amino acids, which are non-proteinogenic. Of the proteinogenic amino acids, 9 are essential, 11 which are nonessential, and 3 of which are not found in the human body. The 9 essential amino acids are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. How are these 9 essential amino acids important to our health? Each of the essential amino acids play a crucial role in our body. Let’s break down each essential amino acid and its importance to the human body. Keep in mind, the 9 essential amino acids cannot be created in the body and must be received from a food source.
Signs and symptoms of amino acid deficiencies: (To name a few)
Acid Reflux (due to low stomach acid)
Blood Sugar Imbalance
High Blood Pressure
Histidine supports brain health and neurotransmitters (the neurotransmitter histamine). It also helps to detoxify the body by producing red and white blood cells, which are needed for overall health and immunity. Histidine can even help protect tissues from damage caused by radiation or heavy metals.
Isoleucine is an isolated form of leucine that helps to produce hemoglobin. Hemoglobin carries iron in the blood and regulates blood sugar which is burned for energy in the muscles during exercise. Whey protein is naturally high in Isoleucine.
Isoleucine also assists nitrogen growth within the muscle cells, which is a large part of our structural and DNA makeup.
Leucine helps to stimulate muscle strength and growth and helps to retain lean muscle when dieting. Leucine is the main amino acid directly responsible for activating an essential compound in muscle called mTOR(mammalian target of rapamycin), which is directly responsible for up-regulating protein synthesis. Leucine provides the basic building blocks for muscle and helps to synthesize more. Leucine also helps to regulate blood sugar levels by moderating insulin into the body during and after exercise and has a positive impact on our brain and neurotransmitters.
Lysine is one of the main amino acids that is responsible for muscle repair and growth, and has also been shown to boost the body's immune system. Lysine also helps the absorption of other minerals in the body and is needed for the synthesis of collagen which is the main element needed for the formation of connective tissue and bones in the body.
Methionine is important for the growth of new blood vessels and muscle growth, and it contains Sulphur, which is integral to tissue and muscle health. Without enough Sulphur in the body, people can be susceptible to arthritis, damaged tissue, and have trouble healing. Methionine also aids in the production of muscle growth and the formation of creatine, which is needed for energy. Methionine can also dissolve fat within the body and reduces fat deposits in the liver.
Phenylalanine is turned into the amino acid tyrosine within the body, which is needed to make proteins and brain chemicals such as epinephrine, L-dopa, norepinephrine, and thyroid hormones. Phenylalanine therefore has a large impact on our mood and mental health.
Threonine supports health function of the immune system, liver, heart, and the central nervous system. It is also needed to create glycine and serine, amino acids that are necessary to produce elastin, collagen, and muscle tissue. It is essential for the healthy working of the muscles and help to keep them strong and elastic. Threonine also helps to build strong bones and can help to accelerate the healing of wounds and tissue injuries.
When tryptophan is absorbed by the body, it is eventually turned into serotonin - the chemical responsible for making us feel happy, is a neurotransmitter, and helps to lower stress levels and depression. Tryptophan is also known for inducing a relaxing effect on the body and promotes healthy sleep patterns.
Valine is essential for optimal muscle growth and repair. It helps to supply the muscles with extra glucose responsible for energy production during physical activity, making it essential for endurance and overall muscle health. It also helps to smooth working of the nervous system and cognitive function, as well as curing metabolic and liver diseases.
At Platinum Wellness Center we can test specifically for amino acid deficiencies and then use different methods to replenish amino acids in the body. We will usually replenish amino acid deficiencies by the intravenous method and once the deficiencies are corrected and oral amino acid supplement is started to help maintain the correction.